Amit Merchant

Amit Merchant

A blog on PHP, JavaScript, and more

Fetch all the available time zones in PHP

February 16, 2022 ·

When you’re building a user-facing application, one of the most common scenarios is to let the user decide their respective time zone.

For this, you would need the list of every time zone available country/continent-wise.

Now, one way of doing this is by creating a hard-coded list of time zones and showing them as a list.

And if you’re using PHP, you can fetch all the time zones with a single line of code.

The DateTimeZone class

PHP comes with a handy class called DateTimeZone (available from PHP 5 and older) that can be used for various time zone related needs.

The class comes with several class constants and methods that can be used to retrieve various timezone-related information.

Fetch all of the timezones

So, if we want to retrieve all of the supported time zones in PHP, here’s how we can do it.

var_dump(
    DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(
        DateTimeZone::ALL
    )
);

/*
array(425) {
  [0]=>
  string(14) "Africa/Abidjan"
  [1]=>
  string(12) "Africa/Accra"
  [2]=>
  string(18) "Africa/Addis_Ababa"
  [3]=>
  string(14) "Africa/Algiers"
  [4]=>
  string(13) "Africa/Asmara"
...
}
*/

As you can tell, passing in DateTimeZone::ALL to the DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers method will return an array containing all the supported time zones including the UTC time zone.

Fetch continent-based timezones

If you want to retrieve the time zone of a specific continent (e.g. America), here’s how you can do it.

var_dump(
    DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(
        DateTimeZone::AMERICA
    )
);

/*
array(147) {
  [0]=>
  string(12) "America/Adak"
  [1]=>
  string(17) "America/Anchorage"
  [2]=>
  string(16) "America/Anguilla"
  [3]=>
  string(15) "America/Antigua"
  [4]=>
  string(17) "America/Araguaina"
...
}
*/

As you can tell, this will only return the time zones which fall under the American continent.

The available options for this are as below.

  • DateTimeZone::AFRICA
    • Africa time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::AMERICA
    • America time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::ANTARCTICA
    • Antarctica time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::ARCTIC
    • Arctic time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::ASIA
    • Asia time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::ATLANTIC
    • Atlantic time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::AUSTRALIA
    • Australia time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::EUROPE
    • Europe time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::INDIAN
    • Indian time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::PACIFIC
    • Pacific time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::UTC
    • UTC time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::ALL
    • All time zones.
  • DateTimeZone::ALL_WITH_BC
    • All time zones including backwards compatible.
  • DateTimeZone::PER_COUNTRY
    • Time zones per country.
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👋 Hi there! I'm Amit. I write articles about all things web development. If you like what I write and want me to continue doing the same, I would like you buy me some coffees. I'd highly appreciate that. Cheers!

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